Головним інструментом нинішніх олігархів є безправний люмпен, який живе на подачках від держави, на грані фізичного виживання. Ось чому значна частина пенсіонерів є найкращим їх електоратом, який і допомагає часто приводити до влади їх ставлеників. Для малого і середнього бізнесу сьогодні закриті економічні ліфти у цілих галузях економіки, бо з кожним роком сфери зацікавленості олігархії збільшуються, перекриваючи кисень усім іншим.

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Events in Ukraine on 12 February 2015.

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Briefly about the most important today's events in our digest of events

that have happened in Ukraine today

Azov: Raging battles for Shyrokine and Sakhanka

As of 8.00 Thursday, battles are raging in the settlements of Shyrokine and Sakhanka, the regiment Azov reported.

"The situation is becoming even tenser," it says on the page of the regiment in VKontakte.

"The enemy backed by artillery and tanks tried to counterattack. Rebels probably employed everything they had at their disposal: tanks, SP artillery, mortars, rocket-launching artillery", the Azov reports.

"Rebel infantry was eliminated on the outskirts of Shyrokine. The attack was repelled", the regiment announced.

However, enemy artillery is still firing at Shyrokine, Azov added.Shells launched with Grads explode near a checkpoint on the outskirts of Mariupol

"Booming can be heard in all parts of Mariupol since the night before.

It is especially loud in the Eastern District; walls and windows of houses are trembling," the official website of Mariupol 0629 reports.

"After a short break at about 5 a.m., shelling resumed with renewed vigour. As reported by eyewitnesses, shells fired with MRLSs 'Grad' exploded at 6:15 near a checkpoint close to the Eastern District.

As of 6:58, rebels haven't fired into any residential neighbourhoods of the city," a press officer of the 'M sector', Dmytro Chaly, reports.

Ukraine comes to an agreement with the IMF regarding granting 17.5 billion

The International Monetary Fund and Ukraine have agreed to expand lending programs, Head of the IMF Kristin Laggard announced at a press conference, as reported by Prime .

"I am very glad that they (the talks on expansion of funding) have come to an end. We reached a preliminary agreement on expansion (of lending programs) for Ukraine amounting to 17.5 billion dollars. It is a four-year program," Laggard said.

This is a preliminary agreement, and the program still has to be approved by the IMF directorate.

Fire to be ceased, weaponry to be withdrawn and elections to be held in Donbas

The trilateral contact group has agreed to cease fire in Donbas, withdraw heavy arms and start a dialogue with "particular districts" .The document consists of 13 paragraphs, which are expected to reconcile the dispute in Donbas.

The document signed by the contact group was released by "Echo of Moscow".

It stipulates particular measures in order to start implementing the Minsk agreements:

1. General ceasefire from the midnight February 15 onward.2. Withdrawal of heavy armaments on the second day of the armistice: Ukrainian troops to step back from the actual front line, and rebels - from the front line factual on September 19.3. OSCE to monitor the truce.4. Dialogue on elections in the occupied territories, which boundaries - factual on September 19 - have to be ratified in a resolution by the Verkhovna Rada.5. Amnesty for participants of hostilities "that took place in Donetsk and Lugansk regions".6. Cartel "all for all".7. Right of entry for humanitarian aid.8. Renewal of socio-economic ties, and resumption of social payments.9. Restoration of full control over the border on Kiev's part, which should be launched "on the day following elections and terminated after the general political reconciliation" (elections and constitutional reforms) but before the end of this year.10. Withdrawal of all foreign military forces and mercenaries under the control of the OSCE.11. Constitutional reform "enacting a new Constitution, which stipulates decentralization of power as a key element" and ratification of a "special status for particular districts of Donetsk and Lugansk regions".12. Issue of elections has to be coordinated with the representatives of certain districts".

Poroshenko on negotiations: Withdrawal of troops, control over the border, no autonomy

President Poroshenko said that the trilateral contact group had agreed to a cease-fire coming into effect on February 15, as reported by UNIAN.

According to Poroshenko, the contact group also agreed to withdraw all foreign troops from the territory of Ukraine and release all captives within 19 days.

"I have just been told that the Tripartite Contact Group signed the document which was prepared under huge stress and in a difficult discussion. The main thing that has been achieved is the fact that an unconditional and comprehensive cease-fire is proclaimed coming into effect at midnight February 15," he said.

"Chiefs of the General Staffs of Ukraine and Russia are to hold talks on Friday regarding monitoring of the armistice in Donbas," the president said.

Also, Ukrainian border guards shall resume control of the state border by the end of 2015.

According to the president, there are no agreements on any autonomy or federalization.

"It was not easy, and we were virtually posed with all kinds of unacceptable conditions like retreat and, surrender. We did not yield to any ultimatums and clearly expressed our position that the cease-fire should take place without any preconditions," Poroshenko said.

Earlier, a Ukrainian ambassador-at-large stated that Russia was bargaining for Debaltseve to be given to the terrorists.

Putin decides to announce a rebel's request: Lay down the arms near Debaltseve

Russian President Vladimir Putin has voiced a rebels' request regarding laying down the arms by allegedly surrounded Ukrainian troops, and said that military experts would have to find out whether ATO forces had been really encircled.

He told reporters about the demand after the talks when announcing their results.

"The problem was that PRD and PRL representatives "argued here that, in response to aggressive actions of Kyiv authorities, they had managed not only to repel attacks of the army and law enforcement units, but also to surround a faction of 6 to 8 thousand people by counterattacking them," Putin said.

"And, of course, they demand that this faction lay down the arms and cease fire," he said.

"The leadership of Ukraine reckons that there is no encirclement; thus, they believe that everything will go on quite smoothly. I had doubts regarding this first. If there is encirclement indeed, then, following a normal logic of things, those who are encircled will be attempting to break out, and those who are outside will be attempting to establish a safety corridor for their encircled servicemen to fall back," he said.

"But we have agreed with President Poroshenko to encharge our military experts with a task to clarify what is happening in reality, and at least to try to agree a package of measures regarding verification, control and observance by both parties ... Once again, I want to urge both parties to stop bloodshed and to switch to a real political process of a lasting settlement," he said.

Poroshenko: Savchenko will be freed

President of Ukraine told about an agreement regarding freeing Nadiya Savchenko, Radio Liberty reports with a reference to Reuters.

According to Poroshenko, Ukrainian servicewoman Nadiya Savchenko, who is currently held at the Moscow predetention centre on a charge of an accessory to murder of Russian journalists near Lugansk, will soon be released.

According to Savchenko's lawyer, Mykola Polozov, it could be an amnesty, clemency, exchange in the format of "all for all", RIA Novosti reports.

"I am very glad that such an agreement has been reached. We will meet with her either today, or tomorrow latest, and discuss it in detail," the lawyer said.

As reported earlier, Nadiya Savchenko, who is detained in a Moscow jail, has been on hunger-strike for 62 days now as a mark of protest against actions of the Russian authorities.

National Security Council: 2 service members killed and 21 others wounded in the ATO area in the past 24 hours

2 military died, and 21 others were wounded in the area of the anti-terrorist operation in the past 24 hours, a spokesman for the Ukrainian National Security and Defence Council, Andriy Lysenko, reported at a briefing on Thursday.

"2 Ukrainian military died, and 21 others were wounded in armed clashes in the past 24 hours, Lysenko said.

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